Vermont's Covered Bridges
Woodstock Vermont's 3 Covered Bridges
Woodstock Vermont's Taftsville Covered Bridge Woodstock Vermont's Union Covered Bridge Woodstock Vermont's Lincoln Corners Covered Bridge
Taftsville Covered Bridge
(Damaged by Irene)
Woodstock's Union Covered Bridge Lincoln Corners Covered Bridge
     

More than 10,000 covered bridges were built across the United States between 1805 (when the first was erected in Philadelphia) and the early 20th century. As of January 1980, only 893 of these covered bridges remained-231 in Pennsylvania, 157 in Ohio, 103 in Indiana, 100 in Vermont, 54 in Oregon, and 52 in New Hampshire. Three interstate bridges link New Hampshire and Vermont. The remainder are scattered throughout the country. Non-authentic covered bridges-built or covered for visual effect- also appear in each state.

Possibly the most frequently asked question by our guests when it comes to Covered Bridges is why were they covered? As far as I have been able to tell there are two major schools of thought on the subject. (1. ) An engineer or architect will tell you that the covers were placed over the bridge to protect it from the elements and lengthen the life span of the structure, and (2.) A romantic will tell you it was to provide shelter for both traveler and their horses from the harsh NE weather.

One other popular explanation is that the covers were there to hide the view from the horses so they would not be frightened while crossing

It would appear that the first is the most plausible, for while an unprotected wooden bridge may last decades, a protected bridge will last, as is evident in Vermont, centuries!

In this instance I'll just let you decide for yourself!!  

A little Explanation About Covered Bridge Construction

There are three main types of Covered Bridges. Their definition deals with the way the bridges are actually constructed. The three types are;

1.) A Town Lattice Structure:

This structure is a truss made of diagonal crossing wooden planks. The use of the smaller members eliminates large expensive timbers and requires a lesser degree of craftsman in it's construction.

2.) A Tied Arch Structure:

The tied arch is a construction where the outward horizontal forces of the arch are kept in balance by a horizontal tie. As the horizontal forces are not directed into the abutments it allows for the construction of less robust foundations.

3.) A Timbered Trusses Structure:

There are many variations of trusses for covered bridges including the Kingspost, Queenpost, and Pratt Trusses. Timber Trussed Structures require large wooden timbers and highly skilled craftsmen.


It should also be noted that not all Covered Bridges are equal. Some Covered Bridges are designated Historic (meaning that they are actually built with wooden trusses, but others are not, and have had covers added to them purely for esthetic reasons. The state has a comprehensive preservation programs in place for its Historic Bridges and has earmarked a great deal of money for their repair and upkeep over the years. These programs continue today to make sure that these iconic Vermont images will live on well into the future.

Our Local Covered Bridge's

We have a number of Covered bridges locally.Some of these are:

The Woodstock Middle Bridge

The Lincoln Bridge

The Taftsville Bridge

The Martins Mill Bridge

The Willard Bridge

The Bests Bridge

The Bowers Bridge

The Cornish-Windsor Bridge

The Downers Bridge

The Salmond Bridge

Martins Mill Covered Bridge
Cornish-Windsor Bridge Sign
Best Covered Bridge

109 Vermont Covered Bridges

The list below contains many of the covered bridges that remain today in Vermont although quite a number of the bridges were damaged in 2011 during tropical storm Irene.  Most if not all will be replaced in the coming years.

A special thanks to the United States Secret Service whose inquiry about our covered bridge at breakfast one morning and the in ensuing discussion, led to the investigation that subsequently added this page to our website.

  Name County Location
Year Built
Length Crosses Ownership Truss Type
1 Cornwall-Salisbury[ Addison

Cornwall

1856
136' Otter Creek on Creek Road Towns Town lattice
2 Spade Farm Addison

Ferrisburgh

1850
85' storm drainage ditch Private Town lattice
3 Pulp Mill Addison

Middlebury

1820
199' Otter Creek on Seymour St Towns Burr Arch
4 Halpin Addison Middlebury
1850
66.2' Muddy Branch (of the New Haven River) on Halpin Covered Bridge Road Town Town lattice
5 Rutland Railroad Addison Shoreham
1897
108' Richville Pond on an abandoned railroad bed VT State Division for Historic Preservation Howe truss
6 Paper Mill Bennington

Bennington

1889
131' Walloomsac River on Murphy Road Town Town lattice
7 Silk Bennington

Bennington

1840
88' Walloomsac River on Silk Road Town Town lattice
8 Henry Bennington

Bennington

1840
121' Walloomsac River on Murphy Road Town Town lattice
9 Chiselville Bennington

Sunderland

1870
117' Roaring Branch Brook on Sunderland Hill Road Town Town lattice
10 West Arlington Bennington

Arlington

1852
80' Batten Kill on Covered Bridge Road Town Town lattice
11 Greenbanks Hollow Caledonia

Danville

1886
74' Joe's Brook on Greenbanks Hollow Road Town Queen post
12 Schoolhouse Caledonia

Lyndon

1879
42' South Wheelock Branch of Passumpsic River on Wheelock Road Town(?) Queen post
13 Chamberlin Caledonia

Lyndon

1881
66' South Wheelock Branch of Passumpsic River on Chamberlin Bridge Road Town(?) Queen post
14 Sanborn Caledonia

Lyndon

1867
117' Passumpsic River Private Paddleford Truss
15 Millers Run Caledonia

Lyndon

1878
56' Millers Run on Center Street Town(?) Queen post
16 Old Burrington Caledonia Lyndon
1865
68' East Branch of Passumpsic River on Burrington Bridge Road Private Queen post
17 Holmes Creek Chittenden

Charlotte

1870
41' Holmes Creek on Lake Road Town King Post with tied arch
18 Sequin Chittenden

Charlotte

1850
70' Lewis Creek on Roscoe Road Town Burr Arch
19 Quinlan's Chittenden

Charlotte

1849
86' Lewis Creek on Monkton Road Town Burr Arch
20 Browns River Chittenden

Westford

1837
97' Browns River on Cambridge Road Town Burr arch
21 Shelburne Museum Chittenden

Shelburne

1845
168' Burr Pond on grounds of Shelburne Museum Private Burr arch
22 Columbia Essex

Lemington

1912
146' Connecticut River on Columbia Bridge Road Town Howe truss
23 Mount Orne Essex

Lunenburg

1911
266' Connecticut River on Mount Orne Bridge Road Town Howe truss
24 Island Pond Footbridge Essex

Island Pond

2003
242' railroad tracks Town(?) Howe truss
25 Hopkins Franklin

Enosburg

1875
84' Trout River on Hopkins Bridge Road Town Town lattice
26 Maple Street Franklin

Fairfax

1865
57' Mill Brook on Maple Street Town Town lattice
27 East Fairfield Franklin

Fairfield

1865
67' Black Creek on Covered Bridge Road Town Queen post
28 Comstock Franklin

Montgomery

1883
69' Trout River on Comstock Bridge Road Town Town lattice
29 West Hill Franklin

Montgomery

1883
59' West Hill Brook on Creamery Bridge Road Town Town lattice
30 Fuller Franklin

Montgomery

1890
50' Black Falls Brook on South Richford Road Town Town lattice
31 Hectorville Franklin

Montgomery

1883
54' South Branch of Trout River on Gibou Road Town Town lattice and King post
32 Hutchins Franklin

Montgomery

1883
54' South Branch of Trout River on Hutchins Bridge Road Town Town lattice
33 Longley Franklin

Montgomery

1863
85' Trout River on Longley Bridge Road Town Town lattice
34 Grist Mill Lamoille

Cambridge

1872
85' Brewster River on Canyon Road Town Burr arch
35 Poland Lamoille

Cambridge

1887
153' Lamoille River on Cambridge Junction Road Town Burr arch
36 Gates Farm Lamoille

Cambridge

1897
60' Seymour River on farm access road Private Burr arch
37 Mill Lamoille

Belvidere

1895
71' North Branch of Lamoille River on Back Road Town Queen post
38 Morgan Lamoille

Belvidere

1887
62' North Branch of Lamoille River on Morgan Bridge Road Town Queen post
39 Power House Lamoille

Johnson

1872
63' Gihon River on School Street Town Queen post
40 Scribner Lamoille

Johnson

?
48' Gihon River on Rocky Road Town Queen post
41 Red Lamoille

Morristown

1896
64' Sterling Brook on Cole Hill Road Town King post and Queen post
42 Emily's Lamoille

Stowe

1844
49' Gold Brook on Covered Bridge Road Town Queen post
43 Village Lamoille

Waterville

1877
61' North Branch of Lamoille River on Church Street Town Queen post
44 Montgomery Lamoille

Waterville

1877
70' North Branch of Lamoille River on Montgomery Road Town Queen post
45 Codding Hollow Lamoille

Waterville

1877
62' North Branch of Lamoille River on Codding Hollow Road Town Queen post
46 Fisher Railroad Lamoille

Wolcott

1908
98' Lamoille River on Railroad line State of Vermont Double Web Town lattice with steel deck supports
47 Moxley Orange

Chelsea

1883
56' First Branch of White River on Moxley Road Town Queen post
48 Kingsbury Orange

Randolph

1904
46' Second Branch of White River on Kingsbury Road Town multiple King post
49 Gifford Orange

Randolph

1904
46' Second Branch of White River on Hyde Road Town multiple King post
50 Braley Orange

Randolph

1904
38' Second Branch of White River on Braley Covered Bridge Road Town multiple King post
51 Union Village Orange

Thetford

1867
111' Ompompanoosuc River on Academy Road Town multiple King post variation
52 Sayres Orange

Thetford

?
127' Ompompanoosuc River on Tucker Hill Road Town Haupt truss variant with arch
53 Howe Orange

Tunbridge

1879
75' First Branch of White River on Belnap Brook Road Town multiple King post
54 Cilley Orange

Tunbridge

1883
68' First Branch of White River on Howe Lane Town multiple King post
55 Mill Orange

Tunbridge

1883
76' First Branch of White River on Spring Road Town multiple King post
56 Larkin Orange

Tunbridge

1902
68' First Branch of White River on Larkin Road Town multiple King post
57 Flint Orange

Tunbridge

1845
87' First Branch of White River on Bicknell Hill Road Town Queen post
58 Lord's Creek Orleans

Irasburg

1881
50' Black River on Covered Bridge Road Private Paddleford truss
59 Black River Orleans

Coventry

1881
87' Black River on Hermanville Road Town Paddleford truss
60 River Road Orleans

Troy

1910
92' Missisquoi River on Veilleux Road Town Town lattice
61 Depot Rutland

Pittsford

1853
126' Otter Creek on Depot Hill Road Town Town lattice
62 Cooley Rutland

Pittsford

1849
51' Furnace Brook on Elm Street Town Town lattice
63 Hammond Rutland

Pittsford

1843
145' Otter Creek next to Kendall Hill Road VT Division for Historic Preservation Town lattice
64 Gorham Rutland

Pittsford

1842
115' Otter Creek on Gorham Bridge Road Town Town lattice
65 Sanderson Rutland

Brandon

1840
132' Otter Creek on Pearl St Extension Town Town lattice
66 Kingsley Rutland

Clarendon

1870
121' Mill River on East Street Town Town lattice
67 Brown Rutland

Shrewsbury

1880
112' Cold River on Upper Cold River Rd Town Town lattice
68 Twin Rutland

Rutland

1850
60' dry land Town Town lattice
69 Coburn Washington

East Montpelier

1840s
69' Winooski River on Coburn Road Town Queen post
70 Orton Farm Washington Marshfield
1890
45' Winooski River on a farm access road Town Queen post
71 Stony Brook Washington

Northfield

1899
37' Stony Brook on Stony Brook Road Town King post
72 Northfield Falls Washington

Northfield

1872
137' Dog River on Cox Brook Road Town Town lattice
73 Slaughter House Washington

Northfield

1872
60' Dog River on Slaughterhouse Road Town Queen post
74 Lower Cox Brook Washington

Northfield

1872
57' Cox Brook on Cox Brook Road Town Queen post
75 Upper Cox Brook Washington

Northfield

1872
52' Cox Brook on Cox Brook Road Town Queen post
76 Pine Brook Washington

Waitsfield

1872
48' Pine Brook on North Road Town King post
77 Great Eddy Washington

Waitsfield

1833
105' Mad River on Bridge Street Town Burr arch
78 Warren Washington

Warren

1880
55' Mad River on Covered Bridge Road Town Queen post
79 Robbins Nest Washington

Barre

1864
57' Jail Branch of Winooski River on private drive Private Queen post
80 Kent's Corner Washington

Calais

1963
22' Curtis Brook on homestead path Private King post
81 AM Foster Washington

Cabot

1988
40' pond Private Queen post
82 Creamery Windham

Brattleboro

1879
80' Whetstone Brook at Guilford Street Town Town lattice
83 West Dummerston Windham

West Dummerston

1872
280' West River on Covered Bridge Road Town Town lattice
84 Kidder Hill Windham

Grafton

1870
67' South Branch of Saxtons River on Kidder Hill Road Town Modified King post
85 Green River Windham

Guilford

1870
104' Green River at Jacksonville Stage Road Town Town lattice
86 Williamsville Windham

Newfane

1870
118' Rock River at Dover Road Town Town lattice
87 Hall Windham

Rockingham

1870
121' Saxtons River Hall Bridge Road Town Town lattice
88 Victorian Village Windham

Rockingham

1872
44' Rock Brook at the Vermont Country Store Private Modified King post
89 Worrall Bridge Windham

Rockingham

1870
83' Williams River on Williams Road Town Town lattice
90 Scott Windham

Townshend

1870
276' West River on Back Side Road Town Town lattice with added arch with Howe truss metal rods for verticals
91 High Mowing Windham

Wilmington

1949
21' Stowe Brook Private Town lattice
92 Johnny Esau Windham

Marlboro

2004
15' Unknown brook Town(?) Town lattice
93 Hitchcock-Cormier Windham

Rockingham

2008
22' Unknown brook ? Town lattice
94 Baltimore Windsor Springfield

1870

47' Unknown brook Town Town lattice
95 Stoughton Windsor

Weathersfield

1880

48' Schoolhouse Brook Private Multiple King post
96 Salmond Windsor

Weathersfield

1875
53' Sherman Brook on Henry Gould Road Town Multiple King post
97 Upper Falls Windsor

Weathersfield

1840
120' Black River on Upper Falls Road Town Town lattice
98 Bests Windsor

West Windsor

1889
37' Mill Brook on Churchill Road Town Tied arch
99 Bowers Windsor

West Windsor

1919
45' Mill Brook on Bowers Road Town Tied arch
100 Taftsville Windsor

Taftsville

1836
189' Ottauquechee River on River Road Town Multiple King post and arch
101 Lincoln Windsor

Woodstock

1877
136' Ottauquechee River on Fletcher Hill Road Town Pratt truss with arch
102 Union Street Windsor

Woodstock

1969
139' Ottauquechee River on Mountain Ave Town Town lattice
103 South Pomfret Windsor

Pomfret

1870
39' Barnard Brook on private lane Private Town lattice
104 Martins Mill Windsor

Hartland

1881
135' Lulls Brook on Martinsville Road Town Town lattice
105 Willard Windsor

Hartland

1870
125' Ottauquechee River on Mill Street Town Town lattice
106 (Willard) Twin Windsor

Hartland

2001
81' Ottauquechee River on Mill Street Town Town lattice
107 Windsor-Cornish Windsor

Windsor

1866
449' Connecticut River on Bridge Street New Hampshire Department of Transportation Town lattice
108 Frank Lewis Windsor

Woodstock

1982
40' Gulf Stream Private custom
109 Ledoux Hometown[ Windsor

Reading

2008
15' seasonal brook Private Town lattice